The following are the six elements of micromessages and examples.
- Verbal: What is said
Example: Consistently using generic “he” or “man” to represent both men and women.
- Para-verbal: How it is said
Example: Using a more enthusiastic tone of voice in response to boys.
- Non-verbal: Body language
Example: Avoiding eye contact with female or male students or only looking at male or female students.
- Contextual: Who or what else is present (culture, artifacts, etc.)
Example: Examples of prominent figures within resources are White and/or male.
- Omission: What is not said or not done
Example: Failing to include the contributions of people of color within curriculum.
- Praise and criticism: Feedback messages
Example: Disciplining black boys and girls more than other groups for similar behavior.